Research Projects
Study of Fire Service Residential Home Size-up and Search & Rescue Operations
UL FSRI
January 10, 2019
Research endeavor to examine size-up and search & rescue tactics on the residential fire ground.
Close Before You Doze
UL FSRI
October 15, 2018
Sharing a modern public safety education message for the modern fire environment
Protection from Chemical, Thermal, and Cardiovascular Risks: Impact of PPE Laundering and Hood Design
UL FSRI
January 1, 2017
Research project led by the Illinois Fire Service Institute in partnership with UL FSRI and NIOSH to research ppe laundering.
FireCARES: Community Assessment/Response Evaluation System
UL FSRI
October 31, 2016
On-going 'Big Data' project to assess community risk and fire department performance.
Study of Coordinated Fire Attack utilizing Acquired Structures
UL FSRI
August 5, 2016
Expanding previous research into new single family homes scenarios, garden apartments and strip malls
Understanding and Fighting Basement Fires
UL FSRI
January 1, 2016
Joint effort with ISFSI to research safer ways to fight fires.
Assessing the Cardiovascular and Chemical Risks Faced by Firefighters
UL FSRI
September 24, 2015
Examining critical fire service health concerns led by IFSI in partnership with UL FSRI and NIOSH
Impact of Ventilation on Fire Patterns
UL FSRI
September 17, 2015
UL Firefighter Safety Research Institute (FSRI) examined how ventilation affected fire patterns and electrical system damage.
Study of the Fire Service Training Environment: Safety, Fidelity, and Exposure
UL FSRI
August 6, 2015
Bridging the gap between the training ground and the fireground.
Study of the Impact of Fire Attack Utilizing Interior and Exterior Streams on Firefighter Safety and Occupant Survival
UL FSRI
August 1, 2014
This ongoing project aims to evaluate various fire attack methods and their effect on firefighter safety and occupant survivability
Effectiveness of Fire Service Positive Pressure Ventilation
UL FSRI
July 26, 2013
This project enhanced the understanding of how positive pressure attack and positive pressure ventilation effect fire dynamics in residential structures.
Governors Island Experiments
UL FSRI
May 21, 2013
Taking ventilation and suppression research from the laboratory to the field with FDNY and NIST
Residential Attic Fire Mitigation Tactics and Exterior Fire Spread Hazards on Fire Fighter Safety
UL FSRI
September 7, 2012
This research project increased firefighter safety by providing the fire service with scientific knowledge on the dynamics of attic and exterior fires.
Effectiveness of Fire Service Vertical Ventilation and Suppression Tactics
UL FSRI
June 12, 2011
This fire research project developed the experimental data that was needed to quantify the fire behavior associated with vertical ventilation.
Firefighter Safety and Photovoltaic Systems
UL FSRI
April 19, 2010
Firefighter concerns, including vulnerability to electrical and casualty hazards when mitigating a fire involving photovoltaic (PV) modules systems, were examined during this project.
Impact of Ventilation on Fire Behavior in Legacy and Contemporary Residential Construction
UL FSRI
August 21, 2009
Examining the fire dynamics of horizontal ventilation
Firefighter Exposure to Smoke Particulates
UL FSRI
August 1, 2007
Measuring what is in smoke from materials, to rooms, to the fireground in partnerhip with Chicago Fire Department and University of Cincinnati
Structural Stability of Engineered Lumber in Fire Conditions
UL FSRI
August 1, 2006
Examining the impact of engineered floor systems on the time to collapse and firefighter safety
Improving Fire Safety by Understanding the Fire Performance of Engineered Floor Systems
UL FSRI
August 1, 2006
The main objective of this project was to improve firefighter safety by increasing the level of knowledge on the fire response to basement fires.
Comparison of Modern and Legacy Home Furnishings
UL FSRI
August 1, 2005
This demonstration highlights the changes furnishings have had on flashover times.
Fire Safety & Skills
Training
UL Firefighter Safety Research Institute advances fire research knowledge and develops cutting-edge, practical fire service education aimed at helping firefighters stay safe.
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UPCOMING EVENTS
Fire Dynamics Bootcamp
More information coming soon...
UL FSRI Research Update
Normally, firefighters enter the front door of a structure to access a fire to extinguish it. This approach, enabled by the personal protective equipment firefighters wear, has provided positive results, especially if the firefighters can easily locate the fire from their point of entry. However, there have been many cases where the firefighters did not find fire. Instead, the fire found them. In fire incidents where firefighters were overtaken by the fire, the “one size fits all” fire attacks were not effective. Unfortunately, there are a number of these incidents where firefighters were killed or injured. In this presentation, the latest Underwriters Laboratories Fire Service Research Institute firefighting research results, supported by physics, are coupled with examples from fireground incidents to demonstrate why additional options are needed in your tactical tool box. Size-up, understanding what the fire is showing you, and then deciding the best strategic and tactical approach is key to an effective fire attack.
Fire Research, Tactics, Training and Application
More information coming soon...
UL Xplorlabs & Close Before You Doze
More information coming soon...
Interior vs. Exterior Attack
More information coming soon...
FireCARES and NFORS
Local government decision makers often alter fire department resources faster than fire service leaders can evaluate the potential impact. These decisions can leave a community without sufficient resources to respond to emergency calls safely, efficiently, and effectively. The Fire Community Assessment/Response Evaluation System (FireCARES) enables fire departments to add a technical basis to what has historically been an anecdotal discussion regarding community hazards and risks as well as the impact of changes on fire department resource levels. FireCARES provides three scores for each community based on the available data: the Community Risk Score (fire and EMS), the Fire Department Performance Score, and the Safe Grade. These scores are generated from exploiting an expansive, multilayered data set combining fire incidents, outcomes, and community risk characteristics. Fire and EMS incident data are not without flaws, as they primarily rely on firefighters for data entry. Additionally, there is a two-year data lag on the national level. To overcome this obstacle, we have built the National Fire Operations Reporting System (NFORS), a real-time data analysis tool that leverages modern data practices while removing firefighters from data entry. This presentation highlights both projects and provides a live demonstration of each.
Impact of Ventilation on Fire Patterns
Changes in home construction materials, contents, and geometry have resulted in changes on the fire scene. Today, structure fires are predominantly fueled by synthetic fuels and commonly become ventilation-controlled. How and where the fire receives oxygen impacts the fire dynamics and resulting fire patterns. This presentation will include videos, photos, and data from full-scale fire experiments conducted at the UL Large Fire Laboratory. A one-story and a two-story structure were used for the experiments. The test scenarios ranged from room fires with no exterior ventilation, to room fires with flow paths that connected the fires with remote intake and exhaust vents throughout the structures. Elevated fires originating in the kitchens were also examined. This project was supported by a grant from the U.S. DoJ NIJ.
Tactical Considerations Based on UL Firefighter Research
More information coming soon...
UL Firefighter Safety Research Institute is dedicated to increasing firefighter knowledge to reduce injuries and deaths in the fire service and in the communities they serve.